How to get to Korčula?
We can get to Korcula in several ways. From Orebic on the Peljesac, which is located on the other side of the Peljesac Channel, we reach Korčula by a short ferry ride. The ferry also runs from Split, and the voyage takes a little less than three hours. This city is a historical mosaic inhabited since prehistory. Traces of the Illyrians were found, antiquity, Greek and Roman, the city was ruled by Venice, French, England, Italians, Habsburgs… As well as the rest of Croatia, Korcula witnessed many changes and conquests and experienced the biggest waves of emigration before and after World War II. Emigration was stopped by the gradual development of tourism and today Korcula is one of the most famous Croatian tourist destinations.
Numerous events and manifestations in the summer certainly contribute to this. The last day of June marks the middle of the New Year and then the residents of the city and their guests walk around the city in masks. The biggest holiday in the city is the Day of St. Theodore, the patron saint of Korčula, which is celebrated on July 27. One of the most famous symbols of the city is the Moreška, a fencing game that is performed regularly during the summer months and, of course, on St. Theodore’s Day. Although it is not an authentic Korčula custom, but taken from other Mediterranean countries, due to its visual attractiveness and centuries-long duration, it has become a Korčula trademark. Moreška tells the story of how the Arab king Moro kidnaps the beautiful Bula, which is followed by the fight of the armies of the black and white king. The game consists of seven parts and ends with the release of Bula and the return to her beloved Osman, the Turkish king.
However, nowadays Korcula is best known as the birthplace of Marco Polo. Probably the most famous traveller and tourist in the history of the world today is a trademark of a beautiful tourist destination. When touring the city, one of the unavoidable locations is his birthplace with inscriptions and exhibits related to his life. Legend has it that after his travels he was captured in a great naval battle near Korcula between the Venetian and Genoese fleets. Later in prison in Genoa, he recounted his experiences from a trip to China to the scribe Rusticheli, who recorded them in the famous book Il Milione.
Korcula is one of those cities that are at the same time open-air museums that you can sightsee endlessly. Each step reveals new stories and new history, and the duration of the tour depends solely on how much you want to go into the depth of each building and each detail. When we pass through the southern city gate in the Veliki Revelin tower, next to the southern defensive walls, there is a small square. On it there are the town hall, the Rector’s Palace and the Church of St. Michael. The square is connected to the main St. Mark’s Square. There is the Korcula Cathedral, the abbey treasury, the City Museum and many other interesting buildings. Korcula is adorned with palaces and old residential buildings of old Korcula families. Almost every facade in the old town has a noble coat of arms, and most of these buildings were built during the 15th and 16th centuries in the characteristic Gothic-Renaissance style.
Korcula is, of course, a good starting point for exploring the island of Korcula. Nearby, for example, is town Lumbarda, perfect for swimming if you like fine sand beaches and shallows that stretch far from the coast. At the other end of the island you can check if Vela Luka is as beautiful as are many songs written about it. Be sure to treat yourself to a one-day boat trip to the beautiful National Park Mljet on the island of the same name. As for the gastronomic and oenological offer in the city, you can enjoy a variety of Mediterranean specialties and quality wine of different varieties, including those grown in this part of Dalmatia. Korcula is, therefore, one of the top destinations, which unites all the beauties and blessings of our coast, all the gifts we have received from the turbulent history and perfect climate.